SLUDGE INCINERATION

NEW!!! Op-ed on making our harbor cleaner

http://nhregister.com/articles/2012/06/19/opinion/doc4fdfe395052fc937896736.txt

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The sewage treatment plant in the Eastshore section of New Haven — operated by the Greater New Haven Water Pollution Control Authority, a regional utility – currently incinerates sludge trucked in from around the state causing the release of heavy metals, radioactivity, sulfuric acid, dioxins, and other hazardous air pollutants as well as releasing these substances into the harbor. We are working for environmental protections and improvements to the GNHWPCA’s operations.

The sludge incinerator in West Haven, which was re-started in 2011 after a period of dormancy, also adds to the toxic burden in the harbor area.

Currently the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut is looking at building an anaerobic digester to treat its sludge. This is a much less polluting technology that GNHWPCA should also be considering.

Background articles:

http://www.environmental-justice.org/nhejn/wpca_article.txt

http://www.newhavenindependent.org/index.php/archives/entry/wpca_urged_to_clear_the_air/

http://www.newhavenindependent.org/index.php/archives/entry/neighbors_sewage_sludge_is_bad_for_us/

http://www.newhavenindependent.org/index.php/archives/entry/no_new_sludge/

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Where are we now? 

Finally, after years of delay the GNHWPCA meets with NHEJN November 16, 2011.

In January 2009 we asked them to fix the flaws in the Biosolids Study (see below); they said they had an internal document.

We asked them to report the findings of the revised study to the community; we’ve never seen it.

They don’t have any plans to phase out the outside sludge contracts.

They don’t have any plans to find alternatives to sludge incineration apart from the CH2MHill report that is flawed.

They do plan to decide within this year what to do about renewing the current contracts with Synagro to incinerate sludge in New Haven both ours (22 tons/day) and that from outside our region (18 tons/day).   Current 20 yr contracts expire in 2014.

They might be able to tell us how much revenue Synagro receives for burning all outside sludge in New Haven.  They have a contractual agreement with Synagro that allows Synagro to incinerate sludge in New Haven.   Synagro/GNHWPCA are required to tell the state how much pollution is produced but not how much money Synagro makes hauling sludge into New Haven and incinerating it here.

Background:

2005- New Haven Board of Alderman unanimously pass a non-binding resolution calling for the GNHWPCA to terminate all interlocal sludge agreements when they expire, enter into no new sludge incineration agreements, phase out all incineration of sludge form the constituent municipalities by 2015 and replace the incinerator with advanced technology.

2006: GNHWPCA hires a new executive director, Dominic DiGangi. He states that he has no interest in phasing out the sludge contracts.  The Board of Aldermen asks him to tell them about his plans for the future of sludge incineration at GNHWPCA.  In response Mr. DiGangi and the GNHWPCA Board of Directors hire CH2MHill to do a study of alternatives to sludge incineration and make recommendations to the community and to the GNHWPCA about the best way to proceed in the future.  They released their report in April 2007.  It became final in April 2008.  See links to New Haven Independent coverage of this time.

2008: NHEJN asks the Yale Environmental Protection Clinic to evaluate this report.  After voluminous gathering of documents and interviews they released their report, “An Analysis of Flaws in the CH2MHill Report Biosolids Evaluation”.  NHEJN presented this report to the GNHWPCA’s Board of Directors in January 2009 at their monthly meeting and asked them (and they agreed) to respond within 60 days to our request that they correct the flaws, report the result to the New Haven Board of Aldermen and the community through a press release and inform the community through a well-publicized public meeting.

The Yale Environmental Protection Clinic reports: “At best, CH2M’s report is sloppy and not transparent.  At worst, it is biased and inaccurate and totally devoid of public input.”  Summary of flaws:

Does not address pollutants from the smokestack and does not factor into conclusions.

Criteria for evaluation defined solely by CH2M and GNHWPCA without public input.

Initial draft called for public input, final report deleted public input.

Weighing criteria does not allow for relative importance.

Incorporates costs into evaluation of benefits wrongly penalizing alternatives.

Double counts energy recovery giving advantage to incineration.

Measuring performance of alternatives was not transparent, impossible to evaluate.

Scoring of alternatives not transparent and highly questionable on their face.

Use erroneous figure for average amount of regional sludge incinerated undermining subsequent calculations.

Overestimates by 100% the revenue that GNHWPCA receives from Synagro in exchange for processing non-regional sludge at the incinerator.

Overestimates the revenue from the status quo over 20 yr period and dramatically inflates the final benefit/cost score assigned to the status quo.

Overestimates the amount of sludge that will be processed under the status quo.  The use of this inflated estimate leads to a number of significant mistakes in the report.

By overestimating the amount of sludge to be treated at the incinerator it underestimates the amount of non-regional sludge that will be processed leading the report to account for only 56 % of the truck traffic and emissions that the status quo will entail.

The report uses an erroneous figure for the quantity of FOG wastes thereby further underestimating the amount of non-regional sludge incinerated by the status quo

Estimated number of truck deliveries under the status quo do not match the CHNWPCA records thereby underestimating the reduction in traffic and truck emissions that would result from ending non-regional sludge incineration

Apart from a few telephone calls from a new employee of the GNHWPCA no further communication has occurred until September 2011 when we sent a letter to the GNHWPCA Board, Chief Executive Officer and New Haven Board of Aldermen requesting that they address our concerns.  Sidney Holbrook, executive director of the GNHWPCA, called and requested a meeting.

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Background about sludge incineration:

The Pollution Within by David Ewing Duncan:  a description of chemicals within our bodies, our “body burden”, 2006.

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2006/10/toxic-people/duncan-text.html

Linking atmospheric mercury to fish advisories by Rebecca Renner, Aug 23,2006 in Environmental Science and Technology.  The sewage sludge incinerator is the main source of mercury emissions in our community.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/story/10.1021/on.2010.06.07.522200

What’s in biosolids?  It’s just beginning to be studied but basically it’s almost everything that goes down the drain.

Chad Kinney at Eastern Washington University:

https://sites.ewu.edu/easterneronline/2006/09/25/ewu-chemist-submits-ground-covering-research/

Chad Kinney continues research into biosolids, cleaning pollutants through vermiculture.

 http://www.lindberghfoundation.org/docs/index.php/chad-a-kinney

New Haven incinerator is a multiple hearth design, an older technology.  The emitted air is cleaned with scrubbers; our design has 4 scrubbers: venturi, impingement tray, wet electrostatic precipitator and regenerative oxidizer; they are all extremely efficient.  Where does the contamination go once the scrubbers remove it?  IN THE WATER.  This incinerator is nestled in a residential neighborhood, virtually in the back yard of people that live along Woodward Avenue; about level with people that live along the ridge downwind from the incinerator separating New Haven from East Haven and immediately next door to East Shore Park where people play soccer, jog, walk dogs, walk along the beach, play baseball and otherwise recreate.   Children play along the beach right next door to the sewer plant.  For information about the scrubbers go to the following links:

http://cfpub.epa.gov/oarweb/mkb/contechnique.cfm?ControlID=17  thermal oxidation

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/catc/dir1/fventuri.pdf  venturi scrubber

http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/mkb/documents/fwespwpi.pdf  wet electrostatic precipitator

http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/mkb/documents/fimpinge.pdf  impingement tray scrubber

Wasteland, A Journey through the American cloaca by Frederick Kaufman, Harper’s magazine, February 2008, 46-59.  about Synagro, the company that runs the incineration business in New Haven.

http://harpers.org/archive/2008/02/0081909 

(can’t see full text without membership)

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